What is minimally invasive hip replacement surgery?
Hip Replacement surgery is an orthopaedic procedure in which an artificial implant is put in place of the damaged or deteriorated hip joint
Date: 6/5/2019 11:10:59 AM ( 31 mon ) ... viewed 56 times
Hip Replacement surgery is an orthopedic procedure in which an artificial implant is put in place of the damaged or deteriorated hip joint. It is considered a treatment option when the non-surgical options like medication and therapy fail to provide relief in the symptoms. The surgery aims to alleviate pain and improve the ability to move in the patients.
Hip replacement is the second most common joint replacement surgery after knee replacement and has a high success rate. In the total hip replacement procedure, the damaged part of the hip is removed while a prosthetic implant made of metal, plastic or ceramic is put in its place. The traditional surgical approach involves making a large incision (10-12 inch) near the hip area and parting the hip muscles to expose and access the joint parts.
Minimally invasive Hip Replacement is a newer technique to perform the surgery. The surgical procedure is similar, but as the name says, it is performed with minimal invasiveness, i.e. small incisions are made instead of a large one, as in the case of traditional surgery. The surgeon uses X-ray guidance to visualize the bones. The goal of this less-invasive is to reduce surgery related risks and complications, like blood loss, pain, rehabilitation, etc.
Specific instruments are used during the surgery to place the implants and remove the damaged femoral head (top of the thigh bone) and the acetabulum (part of the pelvic bone). The surgery can be performed in two ways – single incision with one 3-6 inch long cut on the side of the hip and two-incision with one 2-3 inch long over the groin area and other 1-2 inches over the hip.
Considerable benefits of Minimally Invasive Hip Replacement surgery
- The minimally invasive technique has been associated with a reduction in postoperative morbidity rates and has been reported to result in:
- Lesser days of hospital stay
- Minimal blood loss
- Post-operative pain is less
- Recovery is faster as damage to muscles and tissue is less
- A small scar is left behind
- Possible complications
- Injury to nerve or artery
- Fracture of the femur bone
- Poor placement of the prosthetic implants
Hip replacement surgery also involves the risk of hip dislocation and the patient has to follow certain restrictions and instruction to maintain the new hip implant. The physical therapist usually helps the patient with various exercises to strengthen the hip muscles and guide the patient after the surgery.
The minimally invasive Hip Replacement surgery is not a suitable choice for all candidates. The surgeon usually discusses the options with patients and recommends the procedure depending on the health status, age and condition of the disease.
This is an advanced technique which requires skilled and competent orthopedic surgeons who are well—versed in using the new instruments and equipment. The best hip replacement surgeons in India are highly qualified and trained surgeons with rich experience in performing various kinds of surgeries. The hip replacement hospitals are equipped with the best technological advancements and offer a wide range of services like physical therapy, occupational therapy, advanced rehabilitation units that can help you attain maximum benefits of the hip replacement surgery.
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