Blog: My Unusual Road of Life....
by kerminator

Who was Matthew?

** Gospel of Matthew comes first among the Gospels: it was written to portray Jesus as the promised Messiah. **

Date:   7/13/2019 4:56:59 PM   ( 17 mon ) ... viewed 344 times

Who was Matthew? Home Link

Study the Bible on the go with this free online Bible commentary. This mobile-friendly website is a great way to read Andrew’s notes on a mobile device or computer, add this page to your favourites.

Online Bible Commentary.

Introduction To the Book of Matthew

The New Testament has its roots in the Jewish laws and prophecies of the Old Testament. Therefore, it is very appropriate that the Gospel of Matthew comes first among the Gospels: it was written to portray Jesus as the promised Messiah. Jesus is referred to as the “Son of David” nine times in this Gospel (Matthew 1:1; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 20:30-31; 21:9, 15; and 22:42). Since Matthew was writing to the Jews who were in great expectation for the kingdom promised in the Old Testament to appear (Daniel 7:22 and Acts 2:16-18), he used the word “kingdom” more than fifty times. Also, the phrase “kingdom of heaven” is used thirty-three times and is not found anywhere else in the New Testament. The genealogy listed in Matthew 1 shows Jesus as the Son of David, which would have to be made clear for any knowledgeable Jew to accept Jesus as the Christ.


a. Internal evidence: There is no internal evidence to suggest Matthew was the author. The call of Matthew and his subsequent banquet for Jesus are recorded in Matthew 9:9-10, but there is nothing in the account to suggest that Matthew did or did not write it. However, it is clear as one studies this Gospel that the author was writing from a Jewish perspective.

b. External evidence: There is such an abundance of external evidence to prove that Matthew was the author of this Gospel that it cannot be ignored. There is no biblical reference to Matthew being martyred, and the extra-biblical references that we have about him say he ministered in Judaea for fifteen years (might be supported by Acts 1:26, 15:2; with Galatians 2:1-2), then in Ethiopia and other lands. Whatever the case, we have no reason to believe that Matthew was not still alive toward the end of the first century. Certainly, his family, or converts, lived well into the second century where we have abundant references to Matthew as the author of the first Gospel. If the commonly accepted view among the early church of Matthew’s authorship had not been true, it would no doubt have been challenged by those who were closely associated with the apostle. However, no record of any such challenge exists, only references to Matthew as the author.

In A.D. 130, Papias said, “So, Matthew composed the oracles in the Hebrew language and each one interpreted them as he was able.” Also, Irenaeus (A.D. 180), Origen (A.D. 230), and Eusebius (A.D. 330) all made reference to Matthew as the author of the first Gospel.

Based on the seemingly universal belief among the early church of Matthew’s authorship and no biblical evidence to the contrary, it can be supposed that Matthew was indeed the author. It is certainly permissible to refer to this writing as Matthew’s Gospel for the purpose of distinguishing it from other Gospel accounts.

I have made a deliberate attempt to show that the evidence for this decision is based on evidence not found in the inspired Word of God, and this conclusion should be received with that in mind.

Date of Writing

a. Internal evidence: Again, there is no internal evidence in this Gospel to establish the date it was written. Many have thought that the prophecies in Matthew 24 show that this Gospel was written before A.D. 70, when Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed by the Romans. Their reasoning is that if the destruction of Jerusalem had already taken place, it would be reflected in the writer’s account. However, the Gospel writers wrote with a noticeable detachment that refrained from interpretation or application. Therefore, it is not certain from Matthew’s rendering of Jesus’ prophecy in Matthew 24:1-2 that this account was written before the destruction of the temple in A.D. 70.

b. External evidence: The facts we have access to outside the Bible do not conclusively establish the date of writing either. The date this Gospel was written has been traditionally accepted as being A.D. 37. However, Irenaeus, who wrote in approximately A.D. 180, says that Matthew wrote his Gospel when Peter and Paul were preaching in Rome. That would date this Gospel around A.D. 61.

There also exists a book called “The Epistle of Barnabas” that Bishop Lightfoot has placed as being written during the reign of Vespasian (A.D. 70-79), given statements made within the epistle. In this epistle, the writer quoted from Matthew 22:14 and introduced the quote by the phrase “as it is written,” which was and is the customary way of referring to Scripture. This would date Matthew’s Gospel before this “Epistle of Barnabas” and would place a limit on that date of no later than A.D. 70.

It is important to note that the authenticity of Irenaeus’ statement and the whole “Epistle of Barnabas” have been questioned by many scholars so that there is no consensus of opinion on them. The time at which Matthew wrote this Gospel can only be placed between A.D. 37 and the end of the first century.

About the Author

a. Internal information: Matthew is mentioned by that name only five times in the Bible

(Matthew 9:9, 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; and Acts 1:13). He is referred to in other references to the twelve apostles, or the “eleven” as they were called in Acts 1:26. He is called Levi in Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27, and 29. He apparently changed his name from Levi to Matthew, as Saul changed to Paul.

Matthew was a publican, or tax collector, for the Roman government (Matthew 9:9, Mark 2:14, and Luke 5:27), which was a position despised by Jews (Matthew 9:10-11). Matthew was also a Jew, and that made his affinity with the Romans a traitorous act in the eyes of the Jews.

Mark 2:14 calls Matthew the son of Alphaeus. Luke 6:15-16 calls two other apostles (James and Judas) the sons of Alphaeus also. It is possible that the name Alphaeus was a common name and that these men were not related. It is also possible that Matthew was the brother of James and Judas just as it appears.

We can suppose that Matthew was “well off” financially, as were all publicans (usually by dishonesty), and as Luke 5:29 would suggest.

There is not recorded for us even one word that Matthew spoke. As with most of the twelve apostles, Matthew personally missed many of the actions of Jesus that he reported in his Gospel [e.g., Jesus raising Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37-43), and Jesus is transfigured (Matthew 17:1-2), etc.].

It can be guessed that Matthew, being one of the twelve apostles, stayed in Jerusalem (Acts 8:1) for at least fourteen years (Acts 15:2 with Galatians 2:1-2) and was a part of the governing head over the church at Jerusalem (Acts 15:2).

b. External information: The external information about Matthew is limited. Dake stated that tradition says Matthew preached in Ethiopia, as well as other lands, and did not die a martyr’s death.

Add This Entry To Your CureZone Favorites!

Print this page
Email this page
DISCLAIMER / WARNING   Alert Webmaster

CureZone Newsletter is distributed in partnership with

Contact Us - Advertise - Stats

Copyright 1999 - 2020

0.063 sec, (2)

Back to blog!
Add Blog To Favorites!
Add This Entry To Favorites!

Comments (25 of 177):
Re: Were you in th… kermi… 10 h
Re: Critical Think… #2694… 45 d
Re: Who are you? mygeeksh… 52 d
Re: Organize Your … jack1… 56 d
Re: 10 Most Danger… newme… 58 d
Re: Stories to fue… Paul0… 58 d
Re: Critical Think… Symon… 80 d
Re: What is a Mira… Sandy… 4 mon
Re: Critical Think… kermi… 4 mon
Re: Critical Think… Carlo… 4 mon
Re: 10 Most Danger… noahw… 4 mon
Re: What is a Mira… Sandy… 5 mon
Re: Washington Post kater… 5 mon
Re: Organize Your … jackd… 6 mon
Re: The Gift Of Fo… freyk… 6 mon
Re: Critical Think… Sandy… 6 mon
Re: God's kind of … Sandy… 7 mon
Re: Stand against … Sandy… 7 mon
Re: The Ministry O… North… 7 mon
Re: 10 Most Danger… willi… 8 mon
Re: ‘þetta reddast… lucih… 9 mon
Re: Organize Your … noahw… 9 mon
edu #263097 9 mon
Re: Don't follow f… liqyt… 9 mon
Re: Thirsty for th… Maria… 10 mon
All Comments (177)

Blog Entries (12 of 1179):
Who was Matthew?   17 mon
The Wisdom of God is beyond …  17 mon
Grow and go in Grace!  17 mon
History of 1960s liberal pol…  17 mon
The Kingdom of God - Part 1  17 mon
What Do You Believe?  17 mon
Seek First The Kingdom of God  17 mon
Naval Service  17 mon
Grace without Faith does not…  17 mon
California vs Texas  17 mon
There are no unique temptati…  17 mon
Get it right!  17 mon
All Entries (1179)

Blogs by kerminator (6):
Uncommon Wisdom!!  52 d  (305)
Absolute Truth Some Wisdom an…  52 d  (282)
Ya’ think??  5 mon  (273)
Brain Boot Camp or Mindset Ma…  10 d  (214)
Southern Etiquette or life in…  71 d  (208)
Forgotten Words!  52 d  (114)

Similar Blogs (10 of 185):
install | microsoft…  by zack1998  26 d
Steps to Speed up Y…  by Codingwithtea  56 d
Buy Adjustable Comp…  by rackfinity102  58 d
Security Technology  by virginialucas  67 d
Video Marketing Bla…  by marketing2secrets  5 mon
Easy Power Plan Rev…  by horse6power  5 mon
Female Voice Over T…  by johnnydepp  9 mon
asinglemomstory  by loknathtechtro  11 mon
Research Paper  by kimberlyclarkson  12 mon
Tips to reset Hotma…  by jennyunderwood  16 mon
All Blogs (1,019)

Back to blog!

Clark Kidney Cleanse
Dr. Hulda Clark’s Kidney Cleanse with purest products! Great pric...

Natural Cancer Remedies
Cancer-proof your body with little known immune boosters!

Black Walnut Tincture
Hulda Clark Cleanse Kits

Lugol’s Iodine Free S&H
J.Crow’s® Lugol’s Iodine Solution. Restore lost reserves.

Good Riddance to
Hot Flashes and More!

Nutrient-rich, phyto-nutrient and antioxidant...