"Hysterical Disorders of Warfare" were also known as "Irritable Heart Syndrome" or "Exertion Sickness" (Civil War), "Shell Shock", "Combat Stress Reaction", "Battle Fatigue"... and now "PTSD".
"PTSD" IS A FORM OF AN ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY BROUGHT ABOUT BY TRAUMATIC STRESS THAT DAMAGES THE FUNCTIONING OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS RESULTING IN A SEVERE METABOLIC DISRUPTION... AND CAN ALSO BE ACCOMPANIED BY SEIZURES.
As you will also note from the previous writings... Charcot himself also discussed these in terms of brain lesions and various forms of seizures.
General professional information about Epilepsy and the various types of seizures... of which it is my understanding that they've already identified about 40...
This brings up the question regarding Epilepsy vs. Non-Epileptic Seizures (NES) vs. Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES). PNES were previously known as Pseudo-Seizures and the name was changed because too often it gave the impression that these episodes were not real or were being feigned... neither of which is the case. PNES is believed to be a psychiatric condition and generally diagnosed as Conversion Disorder. Here is general information regarding PNES...
When was the last time you heard of a psychiatric patient getting that kind of work-up?
Nor do they evaluate for hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, TBI, or medical conditions such as Syphilis, etc., etc., etc.!
Additionally... if you search through the psychiatric vs. the neurological research... as well as adult vs. child vs. neo-natal studies... and if you also compare the U.S. vs. the International sources of research... there is considerable disparity regarding the markers of what constitutes NES vs PNES.
I recently had an MEG (magnetoencephelogram) ... along with a third MRI. An MEG is performed on a piece of equipment that roughly costs $3-5 million with a procedural bill of approximately $10K. I had been led to believe that this was the most sensitive test for diagnosing epileptiform activity. My test results were inconclusive due to what they attributed to supposed "metal artifacts". I have ZERO metal on me... although it is my understanding that there any number of things that read as "metal artifacts"... including the ink in some tattoos of which I have two (wrist and lower back). The same type of tattoo ink can also interfere with MRI results, however, there was no reported "metal artifact" in any of my 3 MRIs. I had been told that I would get the results in 2-3 weeks and was supposed to get a copy of the results myself... as well as sending a copy to my primary physician. After being jacked around for a month.... I started doing more research on diagnosing seizures. That was when I learned that the gold-standard for diagnosing seizures as well as Epilepsy is a Video EEG. I started asking for a damn EEG... a simple and relatively inexpensive test... over a YEAR ago and have STILL not had one!
If you wonder why "health care" is so damn expensive... this is a PERFECT example! I have now had an MEG, 3 MRIs and lost track of how many CT Scans they've performed... when all along I've been asking for neuropsych testing and a damn EEG... which would have been sufficient to demonstrate not only the extent of the functional damage to my brain, but also the presence of seizure activity! As a matter of fact... I had an EEG that was ordered by a psychiatrist when I was in my early teens that showed an "abnormal" brain wave pattern... and when I asked about it I was told that it was "nothing" and "don't worry about it"! Since learning more about Epilepsy I now realize that I've probably had infrequent mild seizures... most likely of the Absence type... most of my life! However... what I now have is an ENTIRELY different variety! In fact... I may very well have recently had a full-blown Tonic-clonic Seizure that resulted in me falling out of bed while I was sleeping... after they switched my generic anti-convulsant (clonazepam) to a new manufacturer and it didn't do a damn thing to stop what I am certain is seizure activity... which is now worse since that happened!
Think of this in terms of veterans, the detainees, anyone who has suffered trauma, anyone who has been given any psychiatric diagnosis including dissociation, psychosis, or a "Personality Disorder"... and also Alzhemier's Disease... as well as other medical conditions.
With regard to self-mutilation and suicide... as noted with the detainees, epidemic among vets, and also all too common with certain psychiatric diagnoses... consider the following.... from this link...
"Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS), also known as Nyhan’s syndrome, Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome andJuvenile gout:546, is a rare, inherited disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT), produced by mutations in the HPRT gene. The lack of HGPRT causes a build-up of uric acid in all body fluids: both hyperuricemia and hyperuricosuria, which lead to problems such as severe gout and kidney problems, poor muscle control, and moderate mental retardation. These complications usually appear in the first year of life. A STRIKING FEATURE OF LNS IS SELF-MUTILATING BEHAVIORS, CHARACTERIZED BY LIP AND FINGER BITING, THAT BEGIN IN THE SECOND YEAR OF LIFE. NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS INCLUDE FACIAL GRIMACING, INVOLUNTARY WRITING, AND REPETITIVE MOVEMENTS OF THE ARMS AND LEGS SIMILAR TO THOSE SEEN IN HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE. THE DIRECT CAUSE OF THE NEUROLOGICAL ABNORMALITIES REMAINS UNKNOWN. Because a lack of HGPRT causes the body to poorly utilize vitamin B12, some boys may develop megaloblastic anemia."
Note that this genetic mutation results in an enzyme deficiency that causes problems with the utilization of vitamin B12 as well as a build up of uric acid. The B vitamins are also known as the STRESS VITAMINS... and uric acid involves the kidneys... on which sit the ADRENAL GLANDS! Given the Nobel-Prize-winning recent finding regarding an on-off switch in "genetic expression".... this may not be a genetic condition after all.
There are varying degrees of Brain Injury, Seizures, Hormonal Imbalances, Nutritional Deficiencies, various forms of Exogenous and Endogenous Toxicity, Untreated Infections and Medical Conditions, but for the last and final time...
THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS "MENTAL ILLNESS".
Oh... and as for a "floating womb"... consider the following...
It would be quite fascinating to do some research in order to determine how many of the women who were historically diagnosed with Hysteria had been pregnant (perhaps hidden or aborted)... OR... if the trauma from child sexual abuse would be sufficient in order to cause damage to the uterine ligaments... resulting in a floating uterus.
DAMN THOSE F-ING ARROGANT, GREEDY, SADISTIC AND MISOGYNISTIC MEDICAL "PROFESSIONALS"... PARTICULARLY PSYCHIATRISTS... INCLUDING THIS ONE...
Freud died on September 23, 1939. This poem appeared in 1940. Auden was 32.
Freud is a candidate for "The Biggest Charlatan in History". Hollywood, in particular, feted him and promoted his silly ideas which even fooled some intellectuals who should have known better.
Freud was an ordinary physician who started treating patients with physical illnesses as "hysterical" or mentally ill. It proved profitable. The patients kept coming back even though they didn't get better. He used to get them to lie on the couch and talk while he did a few lines of coke. One of his patients thought he was a dog. Freud said, "It's a serious condition, lie down on the couch and tell me where it began" The man replied, "But I'm not allowed on the couch".
There are few Freudian Psychoanalysists now mostly because it's expensive and doesn't work. Analysis was fashionable among the "confessional poets" with nasty consequences for most of them. Insight didn't liberate them, it made them more acutely aware of the fallacies upon which happiness depends, such as the continuity of the self and the existence of Santa Claus. Many psychoanalytical patients committed suicide.
Now it is generally accepted that it is better for the patient NOT to have them relive traumatic events from the past. Most psychiatrists just hand out pills, but they don't do any good and kids who take them sometimes shoot all their schoolmates for a lark.
Not one of Freud's daft ideas has proved to be correct. Yet the ideas he encapsulated in words are still common: id oedipus complex conversion disorder repression penis envy anal retention alien abduction incessant yodelling trainspotting....just to mention one of them.
Freud's achievement has been to destroy the way people think about noble human emotions. Isn't it possible to be sad or unhappy, without being "depressed"? Can't you have a creative flight of fancy without being "manic"? The problem with Freud's vocabulary of the human condition is that it has no positive terms. The only mental state he really liked and recommended was that induced by cocaine.
Freud said, "We are all sick". Isn't it great to invent a business where everybody is a potential customer? It's the most profitable Jewish invention since Christmas. Speak for yourself, mate. We're just fine.
From "Hysteria, Medicine and Misdiagnosis" by Richard Webster, quoting Eliot Slater.
"A meticulous study of 85 young or middle-aged patients who had received the diagnosis of hysteria at the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases in London. During a follow-up period which averaged only 9 years, 12 of the 85 patients had died, 14 had become totally disabled and 16 partially disabled. Most of these cases of death or disability were due to organic illnesses which had been mistaken for hysteria."
Estimates of psychosomatic misdiagnosis are between 20% to 40% of all cases, and causes DEATH in: Brain Tumour, Cancer, Meningitis, Septicaemia, Ectopic pregnancy, Weil's, Wegener's, Appendicitis, Subdural Haematoma, Toxic Shock Syndrome, Pyelonephritis, Stepmother's Apple, Hangman's Knot. &c. And, sadly, DEATH is so permanent.
Doctors don't refer patients who have only, say, 10% chance of dying because nothing bad happens if a patient dies, but if they're not likely to then the Doctor looks a right fool. A doctor didn't treat me for an illness that has a 100% fatality rate - luckily I only had a mild case. What's important is collecting "feathers for their caps" while avoiding "black eyes" I think I got that from Joseph Heller maybe Catch 22.
These illnesses were once thought to be psychosomatic: Stomach ulcer, Pakinson's, Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Lyme Disease, PreMenstrual Syndrome, Asthma, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Chorea, Writer's Cramp, Repetitive Strain Injury, Crohn's Disease, Postpartum Fatigue, Hypothyroidism, Allergy, Coeliac Disease, Migraine, Ulcerative Colitis, Alzheimer's, Housemaid's Knee, Gamester's Gall....
Freud said that being mentally ill was great fun and that's why patients kept on doing it - well, more or less. The flaw is that all motivations pay out. Where's the evolutionary benefit in something which so obviously doesn't help you to survive? How did it evolve?
Here's a list of illnesses definitely proved to be psychosomatic....I'm just kidding, actually there aren't any.
A fosse is a ditch or cesspit.
A moiety is a half or a portion.
Concupiscence means sexual desire.